Iowa DNR has prepared and submitted a 2016 list of impaired waters as required by Section 303(d) of the federal Clean Water Act to the U.S. EPA. This list is also known as “Category 5” of Iowa’s 2016 Integrated Report. The Iowa DNR is waiting for the U.S. EPA’s review and approval or disapproval of the Iowa’s 2016 impaired waters list.
Iowa’s draft 2016 list of Section 303(d) impaired waters (Category 5 of the Integrated Report). The list contains 608 waterbodies with a total of 818 impairments. There were 571 waterbodies with 754 impairments on Iowa’s 2014 final EPA-approved list.
For all impaired Iowa waters (combined Category 4 and Category 5), there are 750 waterbodies with 1096 impairments. The 2014 combined Category 4 and Category 5 impaired waters contained 736 waterbodies with 1062 impairments.
Links to additional materials for review can be found at: http://www.iowadnr.gov/Environmental-Protection/Water-Quality/Water-Monitoring/Impaired-Waters.
Iowa's Section 303(d) lists and Integrated Reports are prepared according to Iowa DNR’s assessment and listing methodology and follow U.S. EPA guidelines for “integrated reporting” that combine requirements of Sections 305(b), 303(d), and 314 of the federal Clean Water Act. These U.S. EPA guidelines suggest that states place all their waters into one of the following categories that comprise a state’s Integrated Report:
Waterbodies Not Assessed: Insufficient information exists to determine whether any beneficial uses designated for that waterbody are met. These waterbodies are placed into Category 3 of the Integrated Report.
Category 4: The waterbody is impaired but a TMDL is not required; the waterbody is not included on the state’s section 303(d) list of impaired waters (Category 5 of the Integrated Report).
Category 5: The states Section 303(d) list of impaired waters. The waterbody is impaired and a total maximum daily load (TMDL) is needed.
WINOFI: As provided for in Iowa's credible data law, the Department is to maintain a separate list of waters that require further investigative monitoring. As specified in the credible data law, this list is not part of the Section 303(d)/impaired waters process in Iowa and includes waterbodies where limited information suggests, but does not conclusively (credibly) demonstrate, a water quality impairment. If the results of further investigative monitoring demonstrate, with data of sufficient quality and quantity, that a water quality impairment exists, the affected waterbody can be added to Iowa's Section 303(d) list. Iowa’s draft 2016 list of waters in need of further investigation contains 476 waterbodies with 531 potential impairments.
Delistings: These waters are proposed for removal from Iowa’s previous (2014) list of impaired waters. A rationale for each proposed delisting is provided.
[*Designated uses are beneficial uses applied to specific Iowa surface waters (streams, rivers, lakes, and wetlands) in the Iowa Water Quality Standards. Examples of beneficial uses are uses for primary contact recreation (for example, swimming-type uses), aquatic life protection, and as a source of water for a public water supply. Beneficial uses designated for Iowa’s surface waters are protected by narrative and numeric water quality criteria. For a more detailed description of designated uses applied to Iowa surface waters, see pages 9 and 10 [Surface Water Quality Criteria, Designated Use Segments] of the Iowa Water Quality Standards. For a list of the Iowa surface waters and their respective designated uses, see Iowa’s Surface Water Classification.]
Waterbodies that Fully meet WQ standards are those that are in Integrated Report Categories 1 and 2. Potentially impaired waters are placed on Iowa's list of Waters in Need of Further Investigation (WINOFI), and Impaired waterbodies include all those in Integrated Report Categories 4 and 5.
The number of assessments the Iowa DNR can make in a given cycle are limited by budgets and staffing resources. The following charts show the proportions of each waterbody type that have been assessed in this cycle.