Iowa DNR
ADBNet

Water Quality Assessments

Impaired Waters List

Little Sioux River IA 06-LSR-1570

from Highway 3 (S26, T92N, R40W, Cherokee Co.) to confluence with Waterman Cr. in S26, T94N, R39W, O'Brien Co.

Assessment Cycle
2014
Release Status
Final
Result Period
2010 - 2012
Designations
Class A1 Class B(WW-1) Class HH
Assessment Type
Monitored
Integrated Report
Category 5a
Legacy ADBCode
IA 06-LSR-0030_1
Overall Use Support
Not supporting
Aquatic Life Use Support
Fully
Fish Consumption
Not assessed
Primary Contact Recreation
Not supporting
Documentation
Assessment Comments

Assessment based on results of (1) IDNR/SHL monthly ambient chemical/physical monitoring conducted during the 2010-2012 assessment period near Larrabee (STORET station 10180001 (formerly station 911060)) and (2) 2005, 2012 and 2013 IDNR/SHL stream biological sampling near Larrabee.

Basis for Assessment

SUMMARY:  The Class A1 (primary contact recreation) uses are assessed (monitored) as “not supported” (IR 5a) due to violations of the state water quality criteria for indicator bacteria.   The Class B(WW1) aquatic life uses are assessed (monitored) as "fully supported" (IR 2a) based on results of ambient physical/chemical monitoring and assessed (evaluated) as "fully supported" (2a) based on the 2005, 2012 and 2013 IDNR/SHL stream biological sampling near Larrabee.   Fish consumption uses remain "not assessed" (IR 3a) due to the lack of fish contaminant monitoring in this river segment.   This assessment is based on results of IDNR/SHL monthly ambient chemical/physical monitoring conducted during the 2010-2012 assessment period near Larrabee (STORET station 10180001 (formerly station 911060)) and 2005, 2012 and 2013 IDNR/SHL REMAP and large river biological sampling near Larrabee.  

EXPLANATION:  The Class A1 (primary contact recreation) are assessed as "not supported" based on levels of indicator bacteria that exceeded state water quality criteria.   The geometric means of indicator bacteria (E.  coli) in the 24 samples collected during the recreational seasons of 2010 through 2012 at the Little Sioux River near Larrabee were as follows:  the 2010 geometric mean was 145 orgs/100 ml, the 2011 geometric mean was 115 orgs/100 ml and the 2012 geometric mean was 54 orgs/100 ml.   Only the 2010 geometric mean very slightly exceeded the Class A1 criterion of 126 orgs/100 ml, and the 2010 geometric mean is the only recreation season geometric mean exceeding the Class A1 criterion from 2008 through 2012.   Eight of the 24 samples (33%) exceeded the Class A1 single-sample maximum criterion of 235 orgs/100 ml.   According to U.S.  EPA guidelines for Section 305(b) reporting and IDNR’s assessment/listing methodology, if a recreation season geometric mean exceeds the respective water quality criterion, the contact recreation uses are "not supported" (see pgs 3-33 to 3-35 of U.S.  EPA 1997b).   Thus, because at least one recreation season geometric mean exceeded criteria for Class A1 uses, these uses are assessed as “impaired.”  

The Class B(WW1) aquatic life uses remain assessed (monitored) as “fully supported.”  Monitoring at the IDNR/UHL station near Larrabee showed no violations of Class B(WW1) water quality criteria in the 36 samples collected during the 2010-2012 assessment period for dissolved oxygen (minimum value = 7.5 mg/l), pH (range = 7.2 to 8.6 units), temperature (maximum = 27.7C), ammonia-nitrogen (maximum value = 0.47 mg/l), chloride, or sulfate.   These results suggest "full support" of the Class B(WW1) aquatic life uses.  

Supporting the chemial/physical water quality results and assessment, the results of the 2005, 2012 and 2013 biological sampling also indicate "full support" (evaluated) of the Class B(WW1) aquatic life uses.   This evaluated biological assessment was based on data collected in 2005, 2012 and 2013 as part of the IDNR/SHL REMAP and large river projects.   A series of biological metrics that reflect stream water quality and habitat integrity were calculated from the biocriteria sampling data.   The biological metrics are based on the numbers and types of benthic macroinvertebrate taxa and fish species collected in the stream sampling reach.   The biological metrics were combined to make a fish community index of biotic integrity (FIBI) and a benthic macroinvertebrate index (BMIBI).   The indexes rank the biological integrity of a stream sampling reach on a rising scale from 0 (minimum) to 100 (maximum).   The 2005 FIBI score was 51 (good).   The 2012 BMIBI score was 52 (fair).   The 2013 BMIBI scores were 55 (fair) and 60 (good).   The aquatic life use support was assessed (evaluated) as fully supporting (=FS), based on a comparison of the FIBI and BMIBI scores with biological impairment criteria (BIC) established from a statistical analysis of data collected at stream ecoregion reference sites from 1994-2008.   The FIBI BIC for this ecoregion is 43 and the BMIBI BIC for this ecoregion is 54.   This assessment is considered evaluated because the drainage areas (1833 and 1848 mi2) above the sampling sites were greater than the maximum limit (500 mi2) that was used to calibrate the Iowa wadeable stream impairment criteria.   Even though this site passed both the FIBI (1/1) and BMIBI BICs (2/3), it is uncertain as to whether or not this segment is meeting the aquatic life criteria because it doesn’t fall in the calibrated watershed size.

Fish consumption uses remain "not assessed due to the lack of recent fish contaminant monitoring in this river reach.

Monitoring and Methods
Assessment Key Dates
8/21/2013 Biological Monitoring
12/11/2012 Fixed Monitoring End Date
9/10/2012 Biological Monitoring
1/11/2010 Fixed Monitoring Start Date
9/7/2005 Biological Monitoring
Methods
230 Fixed station physical/chemical (conventional plus toxic pollutants)
420 Water column surveys (e.g. fecal coliform)
220 Non-fixed station physical/chemical monitoring (conventional pollutant only)
315 Regional reference site approach
320 Benthic macroinvertebrate surveys
330 Fish surveys
380 Quan. measurements of instream parms-- channel morphology-- floodplain-- 1-2 seasons-- by prof
Monitoring Levels
Biological 4
Habitat 4
Physical Chemistry 3
Toxic 1
Pathogen Indicators 3
Other Health Indicators 0
Other Aquatic Life Indicators 0
# of Bio Sites 2
BioIntegrity Good
Causes and Sources of Impairment
Causes Use Support Cause Magnitude Sources Source Magnitude
Pathogens Primary Contact Recreation Slight
  • Source Unknown
  • Moderate